The department should have a sufficient number of full-time faculty members to ensure that the faculty are not overloaded with courses and that the program does not become overly dependent on part-time faculty members.
The faculty members should have adequate academic qualifications with specialization in areas closely related to the program(s) offered by the department. The proportion of senior faculty members and junior faculty members should be appropriate. Adequate interaction between students and faculty members both within and outside classes are essential. The teacher-student ratio, class size and teaching load should not compromise opportunities for interaction.
Faculty members should be motivated to improve their pedagogy and assist the students with achieving outcomes. They should be committed to the continuous quality improvement activities of the department. Faculty members should have the responsibility and authority to design and update the curriculum, establish course and program outcomes, and select and use appropriate assessment tools for evaluating student performance in classes and the achievement of outcomes.
Faculty members should be engaged in research, development and professional activities, such as consulting. They should also be involved in relevant professional societies. The results of these activities should benefit the students. The institution or department should periodically arrange training for the faculty members on outcome-based education and assessment. All the faculty members should be adequately trained on how to establish course outcomes, conduct teaching-learning activities appropriate for the outcomes and assess the level of outcome achievement.