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Requirements and desirable attributes under this criterion are described in terms of the following sub-criteria.

  1. The department must have a sufficient number of full-time faculty members to ensure that the faculty are not overloaded with courses and that the program does not become overly dependent on part-time faculty members.
  2. The proportion of senior faculty members and junior faculty members should be appropriate.
  3. Adequate interaction between students and faculty members both within and outside classes is essential. The teacher-student ratio, class size and teaching load must not compromise opportunities for interaction.
  4. The faculty members must have adequate academic qualifications with specializations in areas closely related to the program(s) offered by the department.
  5. Faculty members should be motivated to improve their pedagogy and assist the students in achieving outcomes. They should be committed to the continuous quality improvement activities of the department.
  6. Faculty members must have the responsibility and authority to design and update the curriculum, establish course and program outcomes, and select and use appropriate assessment tools for evaluating student performance in classes and the achievement of outcomes.
  7. Faculty members must be engaged in research, development and professional activities such as consulting. They should also be involved in relevant professional societies. The results of these activities should benefit the students.
  8. The institution or department must periodically arrange training for the faculty members on outcome-based education and assessment. All the faculty members must be adequately trained on how to establish course outcomes, conduct teaching-learning activities that are appropriate for the outcomes and assess the level of outcome achievement.